It was On This Day in 1941, at 7:55 a.m.
time, that the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor, destroying a large portion of the
US Pacific fleet and bringing the into World War II. It
was, as President United States Franklin D Roosevelt
declared, truly a day that would live in infamy.
Being a Sunday morning, most of the ships anchored at
Pearl Harbor were only lightly manned. In the end, 18
ships were destroyed, sunk or capsized. Over 3,000 Americans were among the
casualties and another 2,400 killed. US
That morning the Harrisburg Telegraph ran a three lone, all capitals bolded headline announcing the bombing. The paper ran various articles about the bombing, the war, and
involvement. One noted that PA Governor James instructed State Police to be “in
readiness for immediate action.” Pennsylvania
Congress quickly declared war on
. The Senate voted unanimously
82 to 0. In the House however there was but one lone single dissenting vote. Jeanette
Rankin, a Republican congresswoman from Japan ,
voted against declaring war. According to the Lock Haven Express, both Montana senators –
James J. Davis and Joseph F Guffey - voted in favor of the resolution. Pennsylvania
The New York Fire Commissioner Patrick Walsh ordered all firemen on alert and warned them to be ready for a blackout. The US Navy announced a censorship on all outgoing communication.
Panama Republic police were rounding up the Japanese and
took them to .
That same day, the Dutch East Indies, Colon Costa Rica
and Canada also declared war
on . Japan
“A date which will live in infamy.” This Day in History, 1941. History.com.
The Express. (Lock Haven, PA), 8 December 1941. Chronicling
: Historic American
Newspapers. Library of Congress. America
On This Day is a prompt to further explore historical events.
© Jeanne Ruczhak-Eckman, 2015